Facts about Denmark


  • The capital city of Denmark is Copenhagen, located on the island of Zealand.
  • Denmark has a population of just over 5.8 million people as of December 2018.
  • The official language of Denmark is Danish which is a language similar to Norwegian and Swedish.
  • The Danish alphabet has three letters not found in the English alphabet: Æ, Ø, and Å. All three are vowels, and they come after the letter Z in the Danish alphabet.
  • First acknowledged in 1219, the Danish flag remains the oldest state flag in the world still in use by an independent nation. The flag is named: Dannebrog.
  • The Danish Monarchy has existed for over a thousand years.


  • Denmark shares a land border with Germany and is connected to Sweden by a bridge.
  • Along with the Jutland Peninsula, there are 443 named islands in Denmark. Over 70 of these islands are inhabited, with the largest two being Zealand and Funen.
  • Denmark is a relatively flat country with the highest natural point, Møllehøj, rising to just 170.86 m (561 ft) and the country’s average height above sea level is only 31 m (102 ft).

Living in Denmark

  • The average tax rate in Denmark is 49 %.
  • Life expectancy for Danish women is 79 and for men 74.
  • Danish women are on average almost 29 years old when they give birth to their first child.
  • International surveys and studies often rank Denmark as the happiest place in the world based on standards of health, welfare and education.
  • Danish children and youngsters spend many years in school. A child who starts nursery school today will on average spend 16-17 years studying before attaining the final exam certificate.
  • An average Dane travels 13,600 km a year. 43 % of all Danes own a car.
  • Denmark is part of the European Union but the country decided to retain its own currency, the Danish Krone.

Weather and Distances

  • In Denmark it rains every second day. On average, a year has 171 days with a precipitation of more than 0.1mm. In 2007, however, there were 188 days of precipitation.
  • Denmark has a total of 7,314 km of coastline, corresponding to almost 1.5 meter coast per inhabitant.
  • No city in Denmark is further than 50 kilometers away from the sea.


  • Denmark has 298,000 active enterprises, which corresponds to almost one company per every ten Danes on the labour market.
  • Danish farms are the home of more than 13 million pigs.
  • LEGO was invented in Denmark. Legoland and the company headquarters are located in Billund on the Jutland peninsula.
  • The Danes love quality food. This makes this small nation the fifth largest exporter of food in the world.


  • Only three Danish films have sold more than one million tickets.
  • Jørn Utzon was a famous Danish architect who designed the Sydney Opera House in Australia, becoming only the 2nd person to have their work recognised as a World Heritage Site while they were still alive.
  • As of 2013, Denmark has 14 Nobel laureates, mainly in Literature (4) and Physiology or Medicine (5). With a relatively small population, this is one of the highest numbers of Nobel laureates per capita in the world.
  • Danish author and poet Hans Christian Andersen wrote notable fairytales such as “The Emperor’s New Clothes”, “The Little Mermaid” and “The Ugly Duckling”.